Architectural Programming is the process of understanding and setting forth in writing the client's requirements for a given project. Steps in this process include: establishing goals, considering a budget, collecting, organizing and analyzing data, identifying and developing concepts, and determining particular project/client needs.
Site analysis includes land planning, urban design and aspects of environmental evaluation. Land planning and urban design are concerned with relationships to surrounding areas and involve consideration of the physical, economic and social impact of proposed land use on the environment, ecology, traffic and population patterns.
From the client-approved program and budget (mutually accepted), the Architect develops alternative solutions to satisfy the program, massing, site location and orientation, response to environmental factors regulatory and aesthetic requirements. The preferred scheme(s) is presented to the client for approval.
Under direct supervision and control of the Architect, the integrated engineered systems are designed by the consultants and provided by product suppliers, manufacturers and fabricators. These include structural, mechanical and electrical systems as well as other technical innovations and special requirements, such as telecommunications and computer applications.
Building Cost Analysis
The Architect also evaluates the estimated construction cost of the project. Reasonable estimates are crucial to the client. They influence decisions involving basic design, selection of building products and systems and construction scheduling.
What We Do?
We, as Architects, can help you through the whole process of building construction from inception to completion. We have prepared a list of standard services which an Architect provides towards completing a typical building project.
Zoning Bylaws &
Several governmental agencies relating to the health, welfare and safety of the public, oversee the enforcement of federal, provincial and local regulations related to building construction. The building codes and zoning bylaws enforced by these various agencies affects the total design process and Architect's thorough knowledge of all requirements is essential to the satisfactory completion of any project.
Based on the client-approved schematic design and estimate of construction cost, the Architect fixes and details, for the client’s further approval, the size and character of the entire project, including selection of materials and building and engineering systems.
Construction Drawings &
The Architect works in this phase to describe in graphic form, all of the essentials of the work to be done: location, size, arrangement and details of the project. The Architect takes care that the documents are accurate, consistent, complete and understandable. This requires a thorough quality control including constant review and cross-checking of all documents by the Architect
Many factors are considered in the selection and evaluation of material or products to be used in a project such as appropriateness, durability, aesthetic quality, initial cost, maintenance, etc. The Architect recognizes the function of each item to be specified and assesses the proposed materials to be certain that no hidden deficiencies exist that might create problems for the client.
Checking & Coordinating
The Architect does close coordination between drawings and specifications, reviews and checks the work of each engineering consultant against the architectural drawings as well as the engineering consultant drawings to eliminate discrepancies/conflicts. Architect checks and cross-checks all the drawings and documents for accuracy and compatibility.
Bidding & Contract
The Architect assists in establishing and administering bidding procedures, issuing addenda, evaluating proposed substitutions, reviewing the qualification of bidders, analyzing bids and negotiating proposals on behalf of the client. An Architect also helps in the contract negotiation with the contractors and/or other parties too on behalf of the client.
The Architect determines if the contractor’s work generally conforms to the requirements of the contract documents. The Architect reports on the stage of completion of scheduled activities and compares to the overall project schedule at construction job site meetings. The Architect determines through observation the date of substantial completion and receives all data, warranties and releases required by the contract documents prior to final review and final payment.
The Architect takes on responsibility of managing the competing project requirements of cost, schedule, quality, risk, human resources and communication. The Architect, as a project manager, also maintains design quality during bidding, contract negotiation and construction phases and monitors scheduled on-site quality reviews. The Architect closes out project records and agreements and sets up future post-occupancy evaluation procedures.
An Architect, apart from the standard services listed above, also provide additional architectural services such as preparing marketing and promotional materials, perform project feasibility study, help the client in other special studies like geotechnical, environmental, traffic, energy audit etc.